The European Commission published on 21 April 2021 a proposal for a Regulation on a European approach for Artificial Intelligence (AI): https://digital-strategy.ec.europa.eu/en/library/proposal-regulation-european-approach-artificial-intelligence
The new rules follow a risk-based approach. AI systems identified as high-risk include AI technology used in:
• Educational or vocational training, that may determine the access to education and professional course of someone’s life (e.g. scoring of exams);
• Essential private and public services (e.g. credit scoring denying citizens opportunity to obtain a loan);
• Administration of justice and democratic processes (e.g. applying the law to a concrete set of facts).
High-risk AI systems will be subject to strict obligations before they can be put on the market:
• Adequate risk assessment and mitigation systems;
• High quality of the datasets feeding the system to minimise risks and discriminatory outcomes;
• Logging of activity to ensure traceability of results;
• Detailed documentation providing all information necessary on the system and its purpose for authorities to assess its compliance;
• Clear and adequate information to the user;
• Appropriate human oversight measures to minimise risk;
• High level of robustness, security and accuracy.
The proposal for a regulation is complemented by a coordinated plan with the Member States which is available at the following address: https://digital-strategy.ec.europa.eu/en/library/new-coordinated-plan-artificial-intelligence