On 11 December 2013, the European Parliament adopted by 639 votes to 27, with 24 abstentions, the compromise reached with the Council on the Financing instrument for development cooperation (DCI). The instruments represents 19.662 billion euros for 2014-2020.
Despite a year of complicated trilogues, the notariat’s concerns on establishing the civil status of children, decentralisation, promoting the rule of law and access to justice and above all the land issue were well received.
There are three annexes to the DCI for three types of programme:
- Geographic programmes aimed at supporting development cooperation that are included in the list of countries benefiting from Official Development Assistance (APD) of the OECD/DAC, except: countries signatories to the Cotonou agreement (excluding South Africa); countries eligible for the European Development Fund; countries eligible for Union funding under the European Neighbourhood instrument; beneficiaries of pre-accession funding.
- Thematic programmes to address development-related global public goods and challenges and support civil society organisations and local authorities in partner countries covered by this draft Regulation (the countries under a) are eligible).
- A Pan-African programme to support the strategic partnership between the Union and Africa.
This last programme is more modest, only receiving 800 million euros.
For the geographic programmes, the following aims are cited, among others: “strengthening the rule of law and the independence of judicial and protection systems and ensuring unhindered and equal access to justice for all”, “promoting civil registration, especially birth and death registration”, “establishing and improving laws and land registries to protect land and intellectual property rights”, “helping build developing countries' resilience to shocks (such as scarcity of resources and supply, price volatility) and tackling inequalities, by giving poor people better access to land, …”.
For the thematic programmes, the following are cited, among others: “combatting child marriage, and promotion of policies taking into consideration youth's and children's particular vulnerability and potential, protection of their rights, including registration at birth, …”, “productive and responsible investment measures, in accordance with international guidelines, sustainable land and natural resource management, protection of land rights of the population in its various form and access to land for local populations, protection of genetic diversity, in an enabling economic environment”.
These aims fully concur with the cooperation actions undertaken by the notarial bodies in developing countries. The notariat will use these funds to multiply its actions. Even today too many children are born without a civil status, too many farmers are expelled from their land as they have no legal means to assert their rights. Training legal professionals is essential in establishing and maintaining the rule of law.